The reign of Sultan Hussein, the son of Sultan Awees, the son of Shaikh Hussun the elder, the son of Ameer Hussun Goorkan, &c.

Sultan Hussein ascended the throne with the unanimous consent of the ameers, and with great rejoicing, on the 12th Jumadi-il-avul 776. In the spring of 779, Sultan Hussein marched with a force to the fort or castle of Akhus, which was in the possession of Kara Mahummud Toork­man: a peace was, however, concluded, and Kara Mahummud afterwards visited the Sultan and was received with great favour. In the year 780, certain ameers of Sultan Hussein, as Israil, Abdulkadur and Rehman Shah, &c., from the tyranny of Adil Agha, were driven to rebellion, and marched towards Baghdad. Adil Agha, by the orders of the sultan, marched from Sultania to oppose them, and overtook them near the Aub-i Goorkan,* and most of the rebels fell in the action which ensued: Adil after this returned. In this year, at Bagh­dad, several of the ameers of Ameer Ismael, the son of Ameer Zukria (who was the governor of Baghdad on the part of the sultan), were put to death; and Shaikh Ali, the son of Shaikh Hussun, the son of Sultan Awees Jullair, was raised to the throne there. When this intelligence reached Sul­tan Hussein, he despatched a friendly letter to him, and allowed him to retain possession of the govern­ment, because there appeared no person in the service of the Prince Shaikh Ali, who was likely to transgress against the rules of government or relax the discipline of the troops: Peer Ali Badook, however, who was a servant of Shaikh Ali’s father, and at that time governor of Shuster on the part of Shah Shuja, was sent for by Shaikh Ali, but he on his arrival acted with great independence in matters of government, and, regarding both territory and revenue did some injury, as he reduced the coun­tries of Irak Arabia into his possession. Sultan Hus­sein Jullair and Adil Agha, when they heard of this encroachment, marched to Baghdad with a large army, and Shahzada Shaikh Ali and Peer Ali Badook, being unable to oppose their force, aban­doned Baghdad, and returned to Shuster: Sultan Hussein then entered Baghdad, and gave himself up to pleasure, while Adil Agha was sent in pursuit of Prince Shaikh Ali. After Shuster* had been besieged some time, Shaikh Ali made peace, on condition that he should retain the government of Shuster and not interfere with the government of Baghdad; after this arrange­ment, Adil Agha returned to Baghdad, and thence, with most of his army, to Sultania. In the middle of the same winter, however, Prince Shaikh Ali and Peer Ali Badook, at the request of some of the people of Baghdad, marched towards that city; and Sultan Hussein despatched Mahmood Ooka and Omr Kupchak to oppose them: but these two brave officers were taken prisoners by Peer Ali Badook, and their army destroyed. Sul­tan Hussein Jullair on hearing this fled to Tubreez, and with great difficulty reached that city. In the commencement of the year 784, Adil Agha was besieging the fort, or city of Rai, and Sultan Hussein Jullair had despatched his army to his aid, and had left himself completely bare of troops. At this time Sultan Ahmud, the son of Sultan Awees Jullair, and the brother of Sultan Hussein (than whom, a more bloodthirsty man did not exist), rebelled, and retired from Tubreez to Ardibil; and although Sultan Hussein sent messengers to him and requested him to return, he refused; and having collected an army, on the 11th of Suffur, 784 marched to Tubreez and, like a sudden calamity,* entered the city, and having seized his brother, Sultan Hussein, who endeavoured to con­ceal himself, put him to death. It is said that Sultan Hussein was a very handsome man, but much addicted to pleasure and irregularities of all kinds.