What befel Sultan Julal-ud-deen after his defeat, and his return towards Irak.

It is related, that Sultan Julal-ud-deen after leaving the river Sindh, retired with his fifty followers, armed with staves only, towards Thutta and Bukur, where he made a night attack on a large body of Hindoos, and other infidels, who were causing some disturbance in that country, and divided their horses and arms among his followers; and his army increasing, he remained two years there, making war on the infidels and taking possession of many large cities of that country; but at last, desirous to regain his dominions in Irak, he marched in that direction by the route of Kech and Mukran, and, in the beginning of the year 621, he arrived in Kirman, where Borak Hajeb agreed to pay him tribute, and gave him his daughter in marriage, and his mar­riage was consummated in the city of Kirman. After two days, the sultan proceeded on a hunting expedition, but Borak Hajeb remained behind on pretence he had the gout, the sultan, not knowing it was a mere pretence, despatched one of his servants to Borak, to tell him he intended to march to Irak, and requested as he was a man of talent that he would join him, that they might have a consulta­tion together on the subject. Borak replied, that he advised the sultan, by all means, to proceed to Irak, as he could not support his troops any longer, or again admit him into Kirman, he then expelled all the sultan’s servants from Kirman and shut the gates. Sultan Julal-ud-deen being unable to revenge this perfidious conduct, marched towards Irak by the route of Sheeraz, and Atabuk Saad, the son of Zungi, who was at that time king of Fars, sent one of his sons with presents to meet him and gave him one of his female relations in marriage. The sultan proceeded next to Isfahan and Rai, the government of which territories, his brother Sultan Ghaias-ud-deen, was compelled to give up to him.

Sultan Julal-ud-deen, after making some regula­tions for the benefit of his army and the protec­tion of his subjects, marched towards Baghdad to obtain aid from the Kaliph. Nasir, the kaliph, however, from his old hatred of the kings of Khorezm, despatched Koorshtimour with twenty thousand men to oppose his approach to Baghdad. The sultan being made aware of his object, when they met gave him battle; and although his troops were few, totally defeated him, and then marched to Tabreez. Atabik Ourung, the son of Jehan Pehlwan, who was the governor of that place, left his wife Mulkia (a lady of the Suljeook family), to defend the city and fled. The sultan, in the year 622 Hejri, therefore besieged Tabreez; during the siege, it happened that Mulkia by some accident saw the sultan and fell in love with him, and having apprized him that her husband had divorced her, she was married to him by Kazi Uzuddeen Kazvini. Ourung, on hearing of the infidelity of his wife, died of grief.

The sultan after this, conducted two expeditions into Gurjestan and destroyed many of the infidels of that country. While the sultan was residing at Teflis, news arrived that Borak Hajeb had deter­mined to attack the province of Irak; the sultan immediately marched and in seventeen days arrived on the frontier of Kirman; and Borak Hajeb, hear­ing of his arrival, made his submission and many valuable presents, and begged the sultan’s forgive­ness; the sultan, therefore, returned to Isfahan where he remained for some time. At that period, he was informed Mullik Ashruf Shah, had sent a certain Haji Ali to Ikhlat who had offered some insult to his women; and that Mulkia, one of his wives, had left Tabreez, to live with Haji, at Ikhlat. The sultan, on hearing this, marched to Ikhlat, to take revenge for this insult, and hav­ing plundered the country was about to lay siege to the town, when he heard of the arrival of the Moghools in Irak; he, therefore, returned to oppose them. On his falling in with the Moghools a battle was fought, in which he was defeated and obliged to flee to Isfahan, where he punished those of his army who had behaved ill in the battle, and promoted all the brave men to high rank. In the beginning of the year 625,—or Ood Eel of the Turks, the sultan again led an army to Gurjestan and destroyed a great number of the infidels of that country. He then marched to Ikhlat, which city he took in a very few days, and caused a general slaughter of the inhabitants, from sunrise until the evening, after which he pardoned those who survived. He also took the wife of Haji Ali into his harem in place of Mulkia, in revenge of the seduction of that lady; the fame of the sultan was much increased by this action. The sultan was still at Ikhlat, when he heard that the kings of Room (Turkey in Asia), and Syria, had united to attack him, he therefore, although he was unwell, marched to oppose them, and met a division of six thousand men of the Syrian army in the desert of Moos, of whom it is said not one escaped. The troops of Room afterwards advanced, and a battle with them also followed; the sultan, although he was sick, left his litter and mounted his horse, but being too weak to sit on his saddle, his servants requested him to dismount and take a little rest, and he accordingly did so. The chiefs of his army, however, from this, concluded that he intended to flee from the field of battle, and all turned their backs on the enemy and fled; the sultan was then obliged also to retire towards Ikhlat. The army of Room, however, being apprehensive the king was leading them into an ambush by this movement, did not therefore advance beyond the town of Koosh Kuddum. When the sultan arrived at Ikhlat, he was informed that Ooktaie Khan had despatched Churma­goon with a large force, beyond the river Amooya or Amoo towards Irak: he in consequence marched towards Azurbijan, and deputed one of his chiefs to obtain intelligence of the Moghools. This per­son, however, went to Tabreez only, and returned without any correct information, but reported that there were no Moghools either in Irak or Azurbi­jan. The sultan pleased at this false intelligence, gave himself up to feasting and pleasure, as did all his servants.* After a few days, spent in con­stant drinking and debauchery, (that is in the beginning of the year 628 Hejri), Looee Eel Toorki, Churmagoon with an immense force of Toorks and Tartars arrived. Azur Khan, who was one of the confidential servants of Sultan Julal-ud-deen, being aware of their arrival, went to the bed<-?>side of the sultan who was asleep, and awakened him, and made him acquainted with the circumstance: the sultan being intoxicated had some cold water thrown on his head, mounted his horse and fled, leaving Azur Khan to make head against the Moghools. Azur Khan kept his ground with great difficulty, until the sultan had left a considerable distance between him and his enemies, when he himself retreated. The Moghools taking Azur Khan for the sultan, followed him to Rai, but after they found out their mistake they pursued the sultan, and massacred every follower of his they met: at last, they fell in with the sultan himself, and put him and his children and all his followers to death. There is some difference in the accounts of historians respecting the end of sultan Julal-ud-deen, some say that the sultan escaped from the Moghools and fled to the mountains, where his horse tiring, and he himself being much fatigued, he dismounted and fell asleep, and that the people of the hills, seduced by the splendour of his garments, and the value of his horse, put him to death while asleep. Others again say he escaped, and assuming the dress of a soofi (a religious order), passed the rest of his days in travelling and in privacy, prayer, and peni­tence. This occurred in the year 628 or Taosh Kan Eel Toorki.