The men of Chinuh sent a man as a spy to the army of Mahomed Kasim. He arrived at the force at the time of the summons to prayer. He was noticing the condition of the troops. At that time the congre­gation was drawn up in lines for prayers, and Mahomed Kasim was conducting the duties of chief priest; the imitators were all following the motions of the chief priest. The spy, seeing this occurrence, returned, and, explaining to the men of Chinuh, said— “By the oath of God! I have seen those people so united, that to whatever business they turn their heads, they will assuredly accomplish it.” He also told them the cir­cumstance of the imitation of the priest by the people at prayers. On hearing this, the Chinuh people had a wish to go to them; so they came, and submitted to the orders of Islamism. Of the people of Sind, the first to become Musulmans were the Chinuhs. It is said, that when the Chinuh people came to submit to Mahomed the son of Kasim, they brought trays full of victuals as a banquet for Mahomed Kasim. He said: “These people provided for” (Murzoog). On this account the Chinuhs are called Murzoog.

When Mahomed Kasim had accomplished the conquest of the province of Sehwistan, some people said that he should now go to Bra­minabad (now this is called Bramin, or Bahna-ka-Thool), and that after overcoming that fort he should proceed to Alore. Mahomed Kasim said that it was better first to go to take Alore, and, after overthrowing Rais Daher, then to proceed to take other countries. All approved of this, and they crossed the river opposite to Tuluhtee, and marched towards Alore.

When Rais Daher heard of this, he made preparations to march forth. Then the astrologers and magicians collecting, went to him, and explained, “that from the appearance of the stars, it appears your destiny is very weak, and the strength of the fortune of Islam is in the ascendant. At this time it is not proper for you to go forth.” Then Rais-Daher, preparing many troops, sent them in front of the forces of Islam. They halted on the bank of the Kuchhuree Kolab (lake). The following day Mahomed Kasim, at Rufyan, gave orders to Abdoola the son of Ali Sugfee to go to fight the Kafirs. Abdoola, agreeably to orders, went against the Kafirs. The two armies met on the banks of Kuch­huree, and the fire of battle commenced burning between them. In short, there was much fighting, after which the Kafirs ran away. Of them many men died in the waters of death.

Some historians say, that the reason why the Kafirs fled from the battle is this, that in the middle of the fight the commander of their army lost his presence of mind— the reins of his will left his hands. In such a state, his horse threw him on the ground, and ran amongst the troops. The men of the army, seeing the horse without his rider, thought that he had been killed. On this account, leaving the fight, they turned their heads in the direction of the jungle of flight. In short, Abdoola returned to Mahomed Kasim with victory. After this, Mahomed Kasim, leaving that place by successive marches, without halting (Billa Fusul), drew near Alore. Rais Daher retired into the fort with fear. Mahomed the son of Kasim did what was neces­sary for the investment of the fort. He brought into play the bat­tering rams (Munjneeg), and he threw fire in the manner the Musulmans had seen it in done in Turkey and Persia. On both sides there was constant fighting, so much so, that in ten days there were seven battles. In all these battles, the breeze of victory struck the flags of Islam, and the Kafirs, discomfited, ran away. On Thursday, the 10th day of Rumzan, in the year Hijree 93 (A. D. 711), Rais Daher, having prepared all his elephants, and all his forces, went forth to battle against the Maho­medans. It is said that 10,000 men in armour were with him, and 30,000 footmen: these were in front. Rais Daher sat in a litter with a canopy on an elephant, wearing on his head a crown, covered with gold. He placed his troops on his right and left hand, and the foot of his courage advanced into the plain. In his litter there were two female slaves of great beauty with him: one of these handed him cups of wine, the other helped him with Pan.

The battle raged from the morning till the evening: then the Musul­mans, fixing their feet firm on the ground, and drawing their blood-drinking swords from the scabbard of revenge, slew many Kafirs.

Mahomed Kasim, with his ferocious spirit, taking a body of men, went against the troops in front of the elephants, driving them away. At that time, a few Musulmans in the rear threw rockets in the direction of the litters on the elephants. When the fire began to ignite the litters, the elephants, breaking their ranks, fled towards the water. When they got near it, there was mud, in which Rais Daher’s elephant sat down. At this time, the Musulmans were shooting arrows, and of these one arrow struck Rais Daher in the throat. The bird of his life, being freed from the cage of his body, flew away. This took place at that time when the sun had set. When Rais Daher was dead, those Bramins who were in the litters on the elephants behind him took him out of his seat, and hid him in the mud, and then they fled towards the city. But the Musulmans had so securely guarded the approaches to it, that, if a bird had wished to go there, it could not have done so. Thus these Bramins were endeavouring to pass, when by chance they fell into the hands of Kais, who secured them. Kais intended to kill them, but they begged for quarter, giving intelligence of the death of Rais Daher; so he gave them quarter.

At that time, some people of the force brought the two slaves who were in the litter with Rais Daher to Mahomed Kasim. On seeing them, it came into his mind that Rais Daher had escaped. With this idea, he gave orders to have it proclaimed to the troops, that “Rais Daher the accursed had got away, and that it was not known that he was dead: therefore that by no means they (the troops) should occupy themselves in plundering, lest he comes and takes us by surprise.” At the time of hearing this proclamation, Kais took the Bramins to Mahomed Kasim. When he heard their news, he said— “God is great!” (Allah-ho-Akbar.) On the troops hearing this, the exclamations of those who fight against the infidels reached the heavens. Mahomed Kasim, taking a few brave men, went with the Bramins to near the water. He ordered the body to be taken out, and when it was taken out, he had the head cut off, and placed it on the point of a spear. He first showed it to the slaves, who, recognising it, said it was the head of Rais Daher. Mahomed Kasim gave orders to his forces to stop all around the fort, and it being the night of Friday, the men of the army kept awake, spending it in prayer, and calling upon God.

When it was morning, Mahomed Kasim sent the head of Rais Daher, with the two slave girls, in front of the gate of the fort, the people of which, seeing it, denied it. When the news reached the ears of Rais Daher’s wife Ladhee, she instantly ran to the gate, and asked the slaves concerning Rais Daher. These, weeping, pointed out his head, on seeing which she threw herself off from the gateway. There was then great lamentation through the fort, and the Kafirs, being helpless, opened the gates.

On that day, which was Friday, the 11th of Rumzan, the Mahomedan army entered this fort; and Mahomed Kasim took possession of the treasure, and all the hidden wealth; the army and servants giving them in charge to Kais.

In the court-yard of a temple the Musulmans made a pulpit, a sermon was read, and then prayers. In the beginning of Shuwal, Mahomed Kasim took an inventory (written) of the treasure, and property of all sorts, also of the prisoners, and sent the whole in charge of Kais, with 200 horsemen, by the way of Kuch and Mukran, to Darul Islam (Bagdad). Hujjaj, hearing of this, was exceedingly happy, and he sent everything on to the Khaliph in Syria. When Kais reached the Khaliph, and gave him the news about Rais Daher, and all concerning the fights and victories, separately, he became very happy, and presented him with a sumptuous Khilat, and a valuable present for Mahomed Kasim; and he wrote him a Firman, saying: “It is not proper for the armies of Islam to be content with the conquest of Sind alone; they must now proceed to the countries to the east. It is necessary for you to take possession of all the territory held by Rais Daher.” When this Firman reached Mahomed Kasim, he marched to Braminabad, and, conquering it, he settled the taxes of the people of Sind.

The Bramins he placed, as before, in charge of the revenues, and appointed them to listen to suits of law.