Section I, ch. III.
On the virtues and wonders of Ṭabaristán (f. 36a).

In ancient times Ṭabaristán was always the refuge and stronghold of the old kings and nobles, because of its natural strength, its independence of other countries for the necessaries of life (f. 36b), and its fertility. Its only disad­vantage, in short, is the moisture of its climate and the excessive rainfall, which result from its proximity to the sea.