Since by the laudable endeavours of Bang, son of Hind, the dominions of Bengal were populated, his descendants, one after another, rendering them habitable in a beautiful form, ruled over the country. The first person who presided over the sovereignty of the country of Bengal was Rājāh Bhāgīrat,* of the Khatrī tribe For a long period he held the sovereignty of Bengal. At length he went to Delhi and was killed with Darjūdhan* in the wars of the Mahābhārat. His period of rule was 250 years. After this, 23 persons amongst his descendants, one after another, ruled for a period of nearly 2,200 years.* After that, the sovereignty passed from his family to Noj Gourīah,* who belonged to the Kyesth tribe, and for 250* years he and his eight descendants ruled. The fortune of sovereignty passed from his family also to Adisur,* who was also a Kyesth, and eleven persons, including himself and his descendants, ascending the throne, ruled for 714 years over the Kingdom of Bengal. And afterwards the sovereignty passing from his family to Bhūpāl Kyesth, the latter with his descendants, forming ten persons, ruled over this kingdom for a period of 698 years. When their fortune decayed, Sūkh Sen Kyesth with his descendants, numbering seven persons, ruled over the Kingdom of Bengal (Bangālah) for 160* years. And these sixty-one persons ruled absolutely over this kingdom for a period of 4,240* years. And when the period of their fortune was over; their fortune ended. Sukh Sen,* of the Boido caste, became ruler, and after ruling for three years over this kingdom, died. After this, Ballāl Sen, who built the fort of Gaur, occupied the throne of sovereignty for fifty years, and died. After this, Lakhman Sen for seven years, after him Madhū Sen for ten years, after him Kaisū Sen for fifteen years, after him Sadā Sen for eighteen years, and after him Nauj* for three years ruled. When the turns of these were over, Rājāh Lakhmaniā,* son of Lakhman, sat on the throne. At that time, the seat of government of the Rais of Bengal was Nadīah,* and this Nadīah is a well-known city, and a seat of Hindū learning. At present, though compared with the past, it is dilapidated and in ruin, still it is famous for its learning. The astrologers of that place, who were known over the world for their proficiency in astrology and soothsayings, unitedly at the time of delivery, informed Lakhmaniā’s mother, that at this hour, an unlucky child would be born, who would bring about bad luck and misfortune, and that if it be born after two hours, it would succeed to the throne. This heroine ordered that both her legs should be bound together, and she should be suspended with her head downwards; and after two hours she came down, and the child was brought forth at the auspicious moment, but its mother died. Rājāh Lakhmaniā for eighty years occupied the throne. In justice, he had no equal, and in liberality he had no match.* It is said that his gifts amounted to no less than one hundred thousand. Towards* the end of his life, when the perfection of the period of his sovereignty approached decay, the astrologers of that place said to Rājāh Lakhmaniā: “From our knowledge of astrology, we have come to know, that shortly your sovereignty would come to an end, and that your religion would cease to be current in this kingdom.” Rai Lakhmaniā, not regarding this prediction as truthful, put the cotton of neglect and ignorance in his ear, but many of the elit‚ of that city secretly moved away to different places. And this prediction was fulfilled by the invasion of Malik Ikhtiarū-d-dīn Muhammad Bakhtiār Khīlji, as will be soon related hereafter.