Part IV, Chapter XXII = XCVII: On wild and ferocious animals.
f85b f350b 2034 The tiger: the king of the wild animals, and most awe-inspiring; hence kings are likened to it. ‘Alí, called “the Tiger of God”. Description of the structure of the body of the animal. (Cf. Q. A. M. pp. 389—90).
f86a 2035 The mishap of a theologian, and how he escaped from the clutches of a tiger by burning a fire and keeping the tiger away from him throughout the night in a mosque. (Qádhí at-Tanúkhí’s al-Faraj ba‘da’sh-Shidda as the source).
f351a 2036 A Greek domesticated a tiger-cub, but repented of his rashness when the animal reverted to its natural instincts and tore his wife.
f86b 2037 Aswad b. ‘Iyádh al-Jabalí (?) is reported to have tamed a tiger for hunting zebras, a bear for hunting deers, and a wasp for catching flies. (J. K. H. mentioned as the source, see above, p. 97).
2038 Other medicinal properties of the skin and fat of a tiger. (Cf. Q. A. M. p. 390).
2039 The leopard: its habit of attacking men while they are situated above it, and not otherwise; the enmity between a tiger and a leopard. (Cf. Q. A. M. pp. 404—5).
2040 The medicînal properties of its fat, and its methods of hunting and of breeding its young ones. (Cf. Q. A. M. p. 405). (The Kitáb-i-Sumúm (?) referred to. See above p. 98).
f351b 2041 The lion: a fierce animal, a native of India and Africa. The notion of a she-lion being impregnated with air. A curious method of hunting the cubs by incarcerating one of them in a large glass case and decoying the others. Another method of capturing old ones by puzzling them with voices of hidden men around them. (Cf. Q. A. M. p. 391, where a short but different account is given).
f87a 2042 The panther: its two kinds, both capable of being trained for hunting. Some peculiarities of the animal. Methods adopted for its hunting, enchanting by sweet sounds, intoxicating, or fatiguing. Some medicinal uses. (Cf. Q. A. M. pp. 399—400).
2043 The wolf: a wild, swift-footed, deceitful and gregarious animal, a deadly enemy of the sheep, combining in packs of twelve; hence the Byzantines call their year after it. Their terrible grip at the time of coupling. Intimidation a peculiarity of the animal; their other methods of preying. Some medicinal uses. Untameable by nature: the sad experience of an Arab. (Cf. J. K. H. pt. IV, p. 16, for the lines on a wolf). (Also cf. Q. A. M. pp. 395—6, for other descriptions of the animal).
f88a f352a 2044 The hyena: a fierce and loathsome animal, a digger of graves and eater of corpses; some Greeks say that it changes its sex yearly; it associates with the wolf; its cross-breeds and medicinal uses. (Cf. Q. A. M. p. 398).
f352b 2045 The bear: a herbivorous and carnivorous animal. The she-bear brings forth cubs like raw pieces of flesh without any shape; how she licks them and protects them from ants. (Cf. Q. A. M. pp. 393—4).
f88a f352b 2046 The monkey: its various species; some are wild and some domestic and very serviceable. In Yaman they protect the people of a mountainous place from tigers. Owing to their arrogant nature it is believed that they have got a country of their own.
f88b 2047 The pig: a dirty animal; its lust, and perverted habits. The account of a traveller who saw a male surrounded by a number of other males, and another story about the animal. (Both these accounts are taken from al-Jáḥiẓ; the former is found in J. K. H. pt. IV, p. 17, see above, p. 97).
2048 The dog: its faithfulness and usefulness to man. Description of the finest breeds of hunting-dogs. (The Tafdhílu’l-Kalbi ‘álá’s-Siflati mina’n-Nás, a treatise of al-Jáḥiẓ, is mentioned as the source, but the whole anec­dote is traceable to J. K. H. pt. II, pp. 15, 16, see above, p. 97).
f89a f353a 2049 The fox: its cunning and various methods of preying. (Cf. Q. A. M. pp. 391—2).
2050 The account of the lair of a fox, its seven entrances. Its method of hunting hedgehogs and cranes. Aristotle’s observation on the clever way in which the fox avoids the wolf. Its varieties according to various climates. Abú Rayḥán [al-Bírúní] narrates from a reliable source that among the presents sent to the Sámánids at Bukhárá in 337 A. H. was seen a fox without any skin on the under-part of its body. (Cf. Anec. 2027, and see above, p. 98). (Aristotle’s work is mentioned as the source of the earlier part of the anecdote, see above, p. 98, n. 6).
f353b 2051 The cat: some medicinal properties of a cat, especially the recipe for the delivery of a still-born child.
2052 The hare: a rodent quadruped of tender constitution. Superstition corcerning its ankle, medicinal uses of its rennet, antidotal, anaesthetic, and sterilizing properties.
f90a 2053 The porcupine: natural hostility between a snake and a porcupine. Sijistán a country full of snakes; hence Nature provides destroyers also. The instinctive foresight of a porcupine in gauging the direction of the wind, and the story of a hermit who cheated the people with the help of this animal, by telling the direction of the wind. Other medicinal properties and recipes. (Cf. Q. A. M. p. 444).
      The chapter ends with a short panegyric.