Part IV, Chapter XV = XC: On Longevity in Animals, and an account of the Long-lived.
ff333 1945 Introductory discourse on the duration of life among animals. Man is sup­posed to have lived the longest, eg. Noah, reported to have lived 1450 years. The astronomical, or rather astrological, calculation of the normal period of a man’s life. The influence of heavenly bodies and climate on the existence of man.
      Abu Ma‘shar [Ja‘far b. Muḥammad al-Balkhí], the famous astrologer, examines the horoscope of the new-born son of the King of Sarandíb, and predicts his age according to his environments.
f62a f333b 1946 The exceptionally long life of the King of Jálandhar (250 years), and the belief that prevailed in ancient India that life can be prolonged by medicine.
1947 The client of the Caliph ‘Alí, called Abu’d-Dunyá al-Mu‘ammar, who is said to have lived about 300 years.
1948 A short account of Aktham b. Ṣayfí, who lived 190 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XI, pp. 9—18). In connection with the lives of the long-lived the Author mentions as his source the work of Abú ‘Abdu’llah Muḥam­mad b. ‘Imrán al-Marzubání called the Kitábu’sh-Shabáb wa’sh-Shayb or the Book of Youth and Age. (See above, pp. 84—6).
f62b 1949 A short notice of the life of Zuhayr b. Jannáb b. Hubal al-Kalbí, with his lines on his age, 220 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XX, pp. 24—7).
1950 Naṣr b. Duhmán’s dotage and rejuvenation. Verses of an ancient Arabian poet are cited. Age 190 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. LXIII, pp. 70—71).
1951 Ju‘shum b. ‘Awf’s longing for death. His verses cited. Age 250 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XXV, p. 33).
1952 ‘Abbád b. Sa‘íd [or Sa‘íd b. Aḥmar] b. Thawr b. Khidásh b. Saksak b. Kinda’s lamentation on his age. Verses cited. Age 300 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XC, p. 87).
f334a 1953 Sharya b. Abdu’l-Ju‘fí’s strong constitution at a very ripe old age; he was much healthier than his sons owing to a suitable wife. Age 300 years. (Story corresponds, no verses cited; cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XXXVIII, p. 40).
1954 al-Mustawghir b. Rabí‘a’s weariness of life. His verses cited. Age 330 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. X, pp, 7—8).
1955 The lamentation of [Ka‘b b.] Radát b. Dhuhl an-Nakha‘í at his miserable existence. Age 400 and 170 years. (Verses do not agree and even the age differs, cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. LXXIX, p. 82).
1956 ‘Amr [or Ka‘b] b. Ḥumama ad-Dawsí’s joy in old age, expressed in his verses. Age 390 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XVI, pp. 21—2).
f63a 1957 Duwayd b. Zayd b. Nahd (al-Ḥimyarí)’s longing for existence, and his verses before death. Age 400—460 years. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XIII, pp. 19—20).
1958 Enumeration of the ages of Ṭayyi’ b. Udad, Quss b. Sá‘ida al-Iyádí and Saṭíḥ, 500, 380, 500 years, respectively. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. LXXV, p. 80).
f334b 1959 Account of ‘Awj b. ‘Anaq from Commentaries.
1960 Account of Luqmán b. ‘Ád and his seven vultures. (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. III, p. 2).
f63b f335a 1961 Account of Luqmán the Philosopher and his ten thousand wise maxims.
f64a 1962 The Arab sage and arbiter, ‘Ámir b. aẓ-Ẓarib al-‘Adwání’s instructions to his slave-girl, and his decrees. (The Majma‘u’l-Amthál as the source). (Cf. S. K. M. Biog. No. XLV).
      The chapter ends with a panegyric, and a prayer for the long life of his patron.