Account of the Race of Sassan, called also Akasreh*. Thirty-one Kings, who reigned five hundred and twenty-seven Years.

1. Ardeshir Babegan—the son of Sassan. The name of Sassan con­tinued for seventeen generations, from Bahmen the son of Asfendiar. He was surnamed Babegan from his maternal grandfather, who built the city of Babec in Kerman:* he reigned forty years. Among the memorials which remain of him, are the cities of Ardeshir Khouzeh* in Fars, and Guashir in Kerman, and Ahwaz in Khuzistan.*

2. Shapour—the son of Ardeshir; his surname was Tirdeh; he reigned thirty-one years. Of his works are Koureh-Shapour in Fars, Nishapour in Khorassan, Shad-i-Shapour in Cas­vin, and Jond-i-Shapour in Khuzi­stan.*

3. Hormuz—son of Shapour; he was surnamed Batel, and reigned two years. Ram-Hormuz, in Khuzistan, was built by him.

4. Baharam—the son of Hormuz; his surname was Dergar; and he reigned three years and three months.

5. Baharam*—the son of Baharam; he was styled Shahendeh, i.e. upright, just; and reigned twenty years.

6. Baharam—the son of Baharam; his surname was Seistan-Shah; and his reign lasted fourteen months.

7. Narsi—the son of Baharam, the son of Baharam; his title was Nakhjerkan. He reigned nine years.

8. Shapour*—the son of Hormuz; his surname was Hubeh Sina, that is, the breaker, or piercer of shoulders; and the Arabians style him Dhu­l’ectaf, because he caused their shoul­der blades to be pierced and broken. Mani the painter* existed in his time, and, assuming the character of a prophet, exhibited as miraculous the tablets called Arzenk, so admirably painted, that all the fairest objects on the face of the earth, in comparison with these representations of them, seemed to fade away. Also, among the rare productions of his ingenuity, was a certain shirt, which whilst he wore he was visible; having taken it off, he became invisible: he was at last put to death by the hand of Sha­pour. The memorials of this King are the city of Cazvin, and Toureh Shapour,* which is also called Osker­mekerrum. He reigned seventy-two years.*

9. Ardeshir—the brother of Sha­pour, was surnamed Jemil, and reigned ten years.

10. Shapour—the son of Shapour Zu’lectaf; his title was Kerman-shah; and his reign of thirteen years.

11. Yezdejerd—who, according to the greater number of historians, suc­ceeded Baharam; was surnamed, in the Persian language, Zefet, and Bezekurd; in the Arabick, Athim and Mejerum. He reigned twenty-one years and a half.

12. Baharam*—the son of Yez­dejerd; his surname was Gour. He was a valiant warrior, a just man, and a lover of festivity and sport. His reign lasted sixty-three years.

13. Yezdejerd*—the son of Baha­ram; he was styled Sipah-dost; and the years of his reign were eighteen.

14. Hormuz—the son of Yezde­jerd; his surname was Firzaneh; and his reign of one year.

15. Firouz—the son of Yezde­jerd; he was styled Murdaneh. One of his works is Firouz Baharam, in Rey. He reigned ten years.

16. Palash—the son of Firouz; his title was Keranmaieh; and his reign lasted five years.

17. Kobad—the son of Firouz; was surnamed Neekrai, and reigned sixty-four years. Mazdak, the rebellious founder of an heretical sect, existed in his time. The place called Arjan Goureh in Gilouieh, and Hulwan, are remains of his works.

18. Jamasp—the son of Firouz; was surnamed Nekarein.

19. Kesri—the son of Kobad; his surnames were Anushirvan,* and Molk al adel, or the just king. He reigned forty-eight years; and our prophet (Mohammed) on whom be the blessing of God! was born in his time. In the eighth year after the birth of that holy personage, this upright monarch died: and vestiges of his works are at Roumieh in Madaien.*

20. Hormuz—the son of Anu­shirvan; his mother was Kakim, the daughter of the Khakan, from which circumstance he was called Turkzad; he was so wicked, tyran­nical, and blood-thirsty, that in the twelve years of his reign, thirteen thousand six hundred persons of illustrious rank, among the Persians, were put to death by his command. He was, himself, slain in the twen­tieth year after the birth (of Mohammed.

21. Khosru*—the son of Hormuz; he was surnamed Parviz, or the Vic­torious. In his time the prophet, to whom be peace! entered on his divine mission; that holy personage invited the king to the true faith, which he rejected, tearing in pieces the letter (of Mohammed.) * * * * And Persia, from his magnifi­cence, and the superabundance of all necessaries, arrived at the summit of its glory. It is said, among other matters, that he constantly kept in his palace fifteen thousand female musicians, six thousand household officers, twenty thousand five hun­dred horses and mules for the saddle and for baggage; also, nine hundred and sixty elephants. Whenever he rode forth, two hundred persons attended him, scattering perfumes on every side, whilst a thousand sekabers (water carriers) sprinkled with water the roads which he was to pass. Among the works of ingenuity which he possessed,* was a certain cup, in which the quantity of water was never diminished, how much soever a per­son drank of it; also, an (expanded) hand of ivory, which, whenever a child was born to him, being immersed in water, closed, and exhibited the conjunction of stars presiding at the infant’s birth, and thus the horo­scope was known: he had likewise a piece of pure gold, pliable and soft as wax; also a napkin, which, when soiled, and thrown into the fire, became clean. In his time, white elephants brought forth young ones in Persia. What person, in harmo­nious powers, resembles his musician Barbud? or, who in beauty is equal to his mistress Shireen? At last, in the seventh hour of the night, on Tuesday the tenth of Jemad-al-awul, the seventh year of the Hegira,* he was slain by the hand of his son, Shirouieh.

22. Kobad—the son of Khosru; he was surnamed Shirouieh,* and lived six months after his father.

23. Ardeshir—the son of Shi­rouieh; his surname was Kouchek; his reign of one year and a half.

24. Kesri—the son of Kobad, the son of Hormuz, the son of Anushir­van, was surnamed Goutah.

25. Pouran-dokht—the daughter of Khosru Parviz, was styled Saiedeh.* Meat cooked in a particular manner is called Pourani, after her. And the holy prophet in her time departed this life. Her reign lasted six months.*

26. Azermi-dokht—sister to Pou­ran-dokht, was surnamed Adeleh; and reigned four months.

27. Ferokh-zad—the son of Khosru Parviz, was surnamed Bakhtyar; and reigned one month.

28. Yezdejerd—the son of Shahr­yar, the son of Khosru Parviz; he is called Molk al akhir, or the last King. He ascended the throne of the Persian monarchs, in the month Sefer of the eleventh year of the Hegira,* which is the beginning of the Yezdejerdean æra. As the true religion had prevailed, and the Musul­mans by degrees reduced the power of Yezdejerd, he fled from their hands to Merou; and there, in the month* Shehur, of the thirty-second year of the Hegira, he was put to death: and with him the ancient race of the Persian kings became extinct.*