Of the ten Caianian Kings, whose Empire lasted seven hundred and thirty-four Years.

1. Cai Kobad—the son of Zab, the son of Zav, the son of Tahmasp; he was surnamed Cai (or Ky), which signifies “mighty.” In his time the river Jihon (the Oxus) was the boundary between Iran and Touran (Persia and Tartary); and Rustam the son of Zal flourished; the most illus­trious hero of the world.* Isfahan was the seat of his empire; and he reigned one hundred years.

2. Cai-Kaus—the son of Cai-Kobad; his surname was Nimurd,* which, in the Arabick language, is lam yemat, or immortal, corruptly altered into Nimrod. Having, from the excess of foolish pride, endeavoured to ascend into the heavens, borne aloft in an ark (or throne) on the wings of eagles,* from this he vainly * * * * One memorial of him is Affar,* in Mesopotamia. His reign was of an hundred and fifty years.

3. Cai-Khosru—the son of Sia­vesh, the son of Cai-Kaus; he was surnamed Humaioun; and his mother was Ferankis, the daughter of Afra­siab. Having at last, with the assistance of Piran Veiseh, penetrated into Persia, he slew Afrasiab, in revenge for the death of his father. He governed during sixty years.

4. Lohrasf,* (or Lohrasp)—son of Arvend-shah, son of Cai-Nisheen, the son of Cai-Kobad: from his original residence in the city of Balkh, he was surnamed Balkhi. Of his institution, is the establishment of military stipends. His reign lasted an hundred and twenty years.

5. Gushtasf, (or Kishtasp)—the son of Lohrasp, was styled Hirbed, or the Minister of Fire. In his time Zerdusht, whose family name was Daada,* pretended to the gift of prophecy. The castle of Samarcand is one of the works which remain of Gushtasp, who reigned an hundred and twenty years.

6. Cai-Ardeshir* —generally called Bahman, the son of Asfendiar, the son of Gushtasp; he was surnamed Dirazdest. One of the remaining memorials of him is Bandukvar, in Fars. He reigned an hundred and twelve years.

7. Homai—the daughter of Bah­man; was surnamed Azadcheher. The vestiges of her are the thousand columns at Istakhar, and the city of Jerbadoan. Her reign lasted thirty-two years.

8. Darab—his father was Bah­man, and his mother Homai, the daughter of Bahman.* The memo­rials of him are the institution of post-horses and couriers. The length of his reign was twelve years; and his title was Akber.

9. Dara, (Darius)—the son of Darab; he was surnamed Asgher. The city of Ebher was founded by him; and he reigned fourteen years.

10. Secander—the son of Darab, the son of Bahman; he was called Zu’l’Karnein. His mother was the daughter of Philip the King of Greece. In philosophy he was the pupil of Aristotle. The vestiges remaining of him, are the cities of Herat, Berdaa in Aran,* and Alex­andria. He reigned over Persia four­teen years. His death happened at the city of Zour;* and the place of his interment was Alexandria.*