On Monday, 18th Shawwāl 1012, 11th March, 1604, after the passing of 8 hours 20 minutes the Sulan of day entered Aries and the 49th year sounded joyfully in the ears of mortals.


826 In the beginning of this year a son was born to Prince Sulān Daniel by the daughter of Dalpat Ujjainiya. The world's lord gave him the name of Farhang Hūshang. As Prince Sulān Selīm had asked for a robe of black fox—which Zain K. Koka had pre­sented—it was granted to him together with another of white fox. At this time the thanks of the Prince were received together with congratulations on the festival of the New Year. Ḥasan Qulīj's manṣab was increased to one of 300 zāt and 500 horse. M. Bah­rām, M. Anfās, M. Ism'aīl and M. Ḥaidar the sons of M. Moaffar Ṣafavī were raised to suitable manṣabs. It was reported that as Takhta Beg had inflicted severe chastisement on the 'Alīzaī tribe and was returning after capturing some of them, the Afghans had blocked the road in the defiles, and that the imperialists had fought and killed many of them.

As there were again reports of Prince Daniel's drinking, H.M. became very angry and sent off Ḥakīm Fatḥ Ullah the son of Ḥakīm Abū-l-fatḥ in order that he might reprove the prince and restrain him from his fatal propensity. After some days, a swift horse named 'Ayās* —which was one of the presents of the ruler of Persia—was sent off for the prince.

One of the occurrences was the death* of the mother of Sulān Khusrū. She was the daughter of Rajah Bhagwant Dās Kacwāha. As the Prince Royal always behaved improperly to her, her mind became jealous and she killed herself by taking opium. H.M.—who was very fond of Sulān Khusrū—was grieved at this event.

The Rai Rayān was exalted by the title of Rajah Bikramājīt. In gratitude for this favour he presented* two elephants and some other things. Qāẓī 'Izzat Ullah and Nād 'Alī Beg Maidānī came from Kabul and did homage. Khwāja Raḥmat Ullah was appointed Bakh­shī of Kabul, and Malik Aḥmad was made accountant of the build­ings in that city. Zāhid the son of Ṣādiq K. received his father's title.* Rajah Bikramājīt was raised to the rank of 5,000. S. 'Abdu-r-raḥmān was sent with him in order once more to punish Bir Singh Deo Bandīla. Rajah Rāj Singh, Rajah Parhār and others were appointed to assist the Rajah. Raḥmat K., faujdār, received the rank of 300. Rajah Rāj Singh received the rank of 3,500 zāt and 3,000 827 horse, a drum, and a shawl. Tardī Beg K. had been degraded on account of misbehaviour. He was now treated with favour and received the rank of 2,000 zāt and 500 horse and so was raised from the dust of failure.

One of the occurrences was the marriage of Prince Daniel with the daughter of 'Ādīl K. of Bījāpūr. When the latter petitioned that his daughter might enter the prince's harem, his request was granted, and on 29th Isfandārmaẕ of the 45th year Mīr Jamālu-d-dīn Ḥusain was sent off with the arrangements for the betrothal. When he came to Bījāpūr, 'Ādīl K. treated him with great respect and after three years and some months sent him away with many excuses and much cordiality. He also sent off his daughter and sent M. Maṣāfa K. with her as her Vakīl. When the Khān-khānān heard of her near arrival he sent his son Īrij with 5,000 horse to meet her. He met her at the distance of several stages and brought her to Aḥmadnagar. Mīr Jamālu-d-dīn Ḥusain hastened off from there and waited upon the prince in Burhānpūr. In accordance with the agreement with 'Ādil K. he brought the prince to Aḥmadnagar. The Khān-khanān accompanied him. On 9th Tīr the marriage-feast took place, and the lady was made over in a suitable manner to the prince's harem. At the same time Muṣafa K. received leave to return, and the prince went to Burhānpūr with the intention of coming to court. But excessive drinking withheld him from this privilege. When H.M. became again aware that the prince's weak­ness of body was increasing from constant drinking, and that he was in a very bad state, he sent a lady, in whose* bosom the prince had been born and grown up, and who was not afraid to speak strongly, and entrusted her with many messages of advice. He also ordered that by every possible means the prince should be brought to him.

A report was received from Rajah Mān Singh to the effect that his mind was at ease about the settlement of Bengal, and that he would spend the rainy season—when marching was impossible—in Nāẓirpūr which was a choice spot and centrically situated in Bengal.

828 One of the events was the chastisement of Ḥasan the son of Shahrukh M., and the fight of the Persians with Shāh Beg K. It has been mentioned that that wicked one fled from before Shāh Beg K. to Ḥaqcarān. At this time news came that Shāh Beg K. wished to pursue him. When he learnt that the zamīndārs of the garmsīr had in a shortsighted manner joined with the Qizilbāshes and seized the fort of Bast, he considered it indispensable to put down this commotion, and so withdrew from the presence of Ḥasan for a time and came back to Qandahār. Ḥasan in league with 'Alī K., who, by the influence of the ruler of Persia, was governor of Nikdar and Mazārajāt, gathered together a large number of men of Ghor, and its neighbourhood, and attacked the country of Zamīndāwar (?). On hear­ing this Shāh Beg K. hastened there with some good cavalry. Ḥasan fought an obstinate battle and then fled. Many of his followers were killed. After Shāh Beg K. had subdued Zamīndāwar he turned towards Bast, and set himself to fight with the Qizilbāshes. At this time he was attacked with fever, and had to take to a litter, and in this condition had to fight with Ism'aīl Qulī K. the governor of Ferāt who had come prepared for battle and had 5 or 6,000 horse. A hot contest ensued. Some of Shāh Beg's men behaved well, but most of them gave way and went to Qandahār. Shāh Beg K. in spite of his weakness made great efforts, and after some time reached Qandahār.

When H.M. learnt that Prince Daniel was in a bad state from excessive drinking, and that he was becoming weaker day by day, and that, though the chaste lady who had been sent exerted herself to bring him to court, shame prevented the prince from coming, he sent S. 'Abu-l-khair to bring him to court by every possible means.