When Qarā Beg and M. Beg—who had gone to bring Moaffar Ḥusain M.—approached, the Mīrzā received them and rejoiced over the royal order. He expressed submissiveness and showed a desire to proceed towards the court from there. As Shāh Beg K. had not arrived, he turned back at the instance* of the above-named per­sons, and for a time had other thoughts, in consequence of the foolish talk of wicked persons. Owing to his auspicious disposition he looked deeply into the matter and frankly surrendered the fort and came out. On the 28th, silver and gold were illuminated by the Shāhinshāh's stamp, and the pulpits were exalted by his honoured name. Shāh Beg K. encouraged the Mīrzā in various ways and sent him off with his family and 2,000* Qizilbāshes. A populous country 669 came into possession without a battle, and a noble family was delivered from confusion. The Uzbegs turned aside their rein from that country for a while, and the peasantry had some repose. The tribes of the Hazāra and Afghans and other presumptuous landholders received chastisement. At this time the great office of Vakīl was conferred on the Khān Ā'aam M. Koka. As ability and disinter­estedness were seen in his forehead, he was, on 9 Ardibihisht, exalted by that great favour. Though the talents of the world's lord needed no help, and he accomplished everything by his own wide capacity, yet he, from wisdom and a knowledge of the world, entrusted busi­ness to an able officer. The thread of watchfulness was thereby doubled.

On the 19th* (Ardibihisht) a large caravan laden with choice goods arrived from the port of Goa. In it were several learned Christian ascetics—known by the name of “Padre.” By the favours of the Shāhinshāh their heart-desires were gratified.

One of the occurrences was the conquest of Zamīn Dāwar and the country of Garmsīr (the hot country). These two populous tracts belong to Qandahar. The Uzbegs had taken them from the Mīrzās. When the report of the approach of the victorious troops became current, the headmen of those places gathered together and were victorious. The Uzbegs retired after failure. At this time Sulān Muḥammad Oghlān, Tengrī Bardī, Murād K., and some others (of the Uzbegs) rose up to take revenge, and surrounded the fort. When Shāh Beg K. came, the inhabitants begged for redress. He was doubtful about helping them in the absence of orders. By good fortune some of that crew extended the hand of plunder to near Qandahar, and M. 'Iwaz took by force the fortress of Terī.* When he would not listen to advice, Shāh Beg K. proceeded to give him battle. He (M. 'Iwaz) made Terī strong and came out to fight and was soon made prisoner. The fort was taken. Then Shāh Beg crossed the Helmand and attacked Zamīn Dāwar. The enemy was disconcerted and hastened to the fort of Darghor* (?). When they were pursued, they fled without fighting towards Herat. The victo­rious troops returned and came to Zamīn Dāwar, and Garmsīr was also, without a contest, included in the empire. The Tūrānī soldiers had their eyes opened somewhat, and Qul Bābā, the Commander-in-chief of Khurāsān, became anxious about protecting it. Out of fore­sight he behaved in a friendly manner to the troops. On 28 Tīr the news came, and every one was rewarded in a suitable manner. On the 30th (Tīr), 10th July, 1595, the Mota* Rajah died from inability to breathe (nafas tangī), and four wives freely gave their bodies to the flames. H.M. went there by water to teach* the truth, and led some to fortitude by showing the unimportance of life.

One of the occurrences was the death of Ibrāhīm Niam-ul-Mulk. 670 From the time that H.M. turned away the eye of favour from the Deccan, fresh evils occurred from time to time in that country, and retribution for ingratitude occurred. When Burhān died, and Ibrāhīm succeeded him, improprieties increased. An army came from Bījāpūr to punish him. On 16 Amardād, 40 kos from Ahmednagar, there was a battle, and suddenly an arrow reached* Ibrāhīm, and he was killed.

The Bījāpūrians returned successful, and the Niām-al-Mulkians came home in a bewildered state. Many made Aḥmad the son* of Khudābanda their chief, and some chose Moti,* the son of Qāsim. Burhan Niām-al-Mulk, the 1st, had six sons, Qāsim, 'Abdu l-Qādir, Ḥusain, Khudābānda, Shāh 'Alī, Muḥammad Bāqir. When he died, the succession fell to Ḥusain,* and when the latter died his eldest son Martaẓa became Niām-ul-Mulk.

On the 31st, twelve dīwāns were appointed. Though the vizier­ship was prosperously conducted by the truthfulness and industry of Khwāja Shamsu-d-din Khāfī, yet on account of excess of business and of farsightedness, a vizier was appointed to every province, and former wishes became fact. Ḥusain Beg was appointed to Allaha­bad, Bhārtī Cand to Ajmere, Rai Rām Dās to Aḥmadābād, Kahnūr to Oudh, Kishn Dās to Bengal, Rām Dās to Bihar, Rām Rai to Delhi, Khwāja Ghīā Beg to Kabul, Mathurā Dās to Lahore, Khwāja Muḥībb 'Alī to Mālwa, Kēsū Das to Agra, Khwāja Muqīm to Multan. An order was given that every one should report his proceedings to H.M. in accordance with the advice of the Khwāja.

One of the occurrences was the victory of Bajranath.* At the royal feast he wrestled with Balbhadr—who was at the head of the wrestlers (Mals). The spectators were astonished to see that H.M. had commanded that slenderly-made man to contend with that power­ful frame. In a short time by dint of courage it appeared that that strong one would be thrown. In order to preserve his reputation, they were separated as being equal.

At this time it became known that some persons exacted tolls at the ferries. H.M.'s justice was moved, and an order was issued everywhere that every exertion should be made to punish such con­duct. From Lahore to the Hindu Koh this work was entrusted to Zain K. Kokaltāsh; from Lahore to Lower Bengal to Daulat K.; from Lahore to Gujarat to Rām Dās Kachwāha, to Zamīn Dāwar, to Daulat Khurd; and from Delhi to Oudh, to Mīyān Khānū.