Just as far-sighted wisdom considers marriage evil for the emancipated ones of the chosen path, so does it regard it as a great source of success for those who are tied to social life. Especially do great rulers approve of it, for their efforts are devoted to the produc­tion of unity, and to the removing the dust of complexity by the water of simplicity. Inevitably does the highly-born choose a con­sort, and by that means does he raise up a glorious seed. When he reflects how by so many generations the series of creation has come down from the first father to him, how can he refrain from making use of the waters of the Divine fountain? And how can he think it wrong to keep that fountain full? I admit that there is another side to this. It is clear that the commotion of desire causes dis­traction among men. And wherever this pleasure is partaken of in early youth—which is the home of improper desires—evil thoughts produce mischief. Though the jewel of goodness hath its seat in man's nature and has not much to do with ancestors, yet if it show itself in a noble family, it has a fresh lustre. In the extensive country of India men are active to form this union at a tender age, and this introduces the leaven of evil. The world's lord will on no account admit of it before puberty, and will not anticipate the proper time for it. Accordingly when that jewel of the diadem of the Caliphate—Prince Sulān Murād—had reached the age of 17, H.M. gave his attention to the matter, and considered it anxiously. Meanwhile one who knew the secrets of the harem represented that the Khān Ā'im Mīrzā Koka wished that his chaste daughter might attain this great fortune, and that his family might obtain fresh glory. The Shāhinshāh signified his acceptance, and the officers of the court arranged matters. On 25 Ardibihisht, 5 May, 1587, there was a joyful assemblage in the place of Miriam Makānī, and the 519 marriage was celebrated in the presence of His Majesty.


One of the occurrences was that the Kabul road became peace­ful. Tribes of Afghans inhabited between Kabul and the Indus, and from ignorance and selfishness they molested travellers, and stretched out the hand of oppression over the feeble. H.M. resolved that he would establish serais* in those dangerous places and put some brave men into each of them. Zain K. undertook the improvement of Sarkhdiwār, which is near Khurd Kābul; Khwājah Shamsu-d-dīn took charge of the country between the Dūāb and Bādām Casma. Ḥamza 'Arab got Bārīk Āb; Ḥaidar 'Alī 'Arab got Jagdalak, and Ḥaidar 'Alī Khwesh, Sarkh Āb; Moaffar Koka, Safed Sang; Darvesh Islamābādī, Tārīk Āb; Kafshī Bahādur, Basāwal; Takhta Beg, Daka; Banda 'Alī Maidānī, Gharībkhana;* Shāh Beg, the country between Begrām and Atak Benares. H.M. also sent a large sum of money by the hands of Hilāl Aftābcī to the Kokaltāsh in order that it might be distributed to the above-named persons, and that he might carry out this business under his own supervision. In a short time the orders were carried out, and the face of the age was brightened by the roseate hues of justice. Also at this time the Ghorī* tribe repented of their former conduct and took refuge with the governor of Kabul. At his request an order of pardon was issued to them. For some time, a place was, at his request, given to them near Jalālābād, and afterwards they received land in Peshawar where their homes were. On 22 Khurdād, 1 June 1587, the feast of the lunar weighment took place, and that celestial frame was weighed against eight articles. The needy had their wishes gratified. Also at this time, Ṣādiq K. came* from Bhakar and was exalted by performing the prostration.

One of the occurrences was the wounding of Rajah Todal Mal. On the night of the 17th (Amardād=28 July) he was going to his house from the palace. A hot-headed fellow came out of ambush and struck him with a sword. The Rajah's companions seized and killed him. His well-wishers suspected some good men, and out of envy, which is common among the sons of the world, simple people believed this. When far-sighted courtiers inquired into the matter, it was found that the wicked Khatrī* had found his opportunity, and 520 paid off his grudge. His accomplices were seized, and all received their punishment. The Rajah, by the aid of H.M., soon recovered.