It was H.M.'s intention that when the affairs of the eastern districts had been excellently arranged, he would proceed towards the Deccan, and introduce order there. Suddenly the rebellion in the province of Gujarāt made a great noise and he turned some of his attention towards it. It appeared to him that he should go to the capital and march from there. At the beginning of the distur­bance it was the opinion of small and great that when M. Khān got there and was joined by Qubu-d-dīn K., the dust of dissension would be easily laid. Now came the news of Qubu-d-dīn's death, and of dissensions among those who had been sent. H.M. set before himself the punishment of the wicked, and the composing of the distractions of the country. The brief account of the events— which were so pregnant with Divine aids and the marvels of daily-increasing fortune—is that when the ingrates and the turbulent had filled that pleasant land with the dust of strife, Qubu-d-dīn K. from ignorance and conceit did not set matters right. Whilst the officers in Pattan were representing, “To-day the crooked and worth­less fellows are busy* about their jagirs and appointments, and there is no order among them. The proper thing is to march quickly and skilfully against them. In this way the success of the rebels would cease, and a difficult task would be made easy,”— he (Qubu-d-dīn) was slow in moving and was not doing good work. He made some objections about the soldiers' want of equipments and he also spoke about waiting for the troops from Mālwa. Mean­while the disorder increased, and until a censure came from court, he did not wake from the sleep of neglect, or take steps to remedy matters. He sent out troops in advance,* but those active men (the rebels) crossed the river Mahindrī and fought a battle near the town of Sarnāl, and the soldiers suffered a shameful defeat there.

From presumption and self-conceit he, on 8 Aban, about 15 October 1583, came out of the fort without putting Broach into a proper state of defence, and without conciliating the mercenary soldiers. Although right-thinking and acute persons repre­sented that it was wrong to treat a great disturbance lightly, and to disregard the army, and that what was absolutely necessary for the times was to make presents to the offended and the loud talkers, and to labour to close their mouths and to win hearts, yet, as his fate was overturned, the words of wisdom did not enter his 422 ears. Accordingly, on 25 Ābān, about 2 November 1583, Moaffar approached with a large force. The armies were drawn up on both sides, but meanwhile Carkas K. and Mīrak Afẓāl, and many others, joined the enemy. Qubu-d-dīn and some of his clan (khāṣ khelān) made their way to the walls of Baroda.* Next day the haughty rebels invested the city (Baroda). Just then the news came of the defeat of Sher K., and Moaffar was nearly abandoning the siege and proceeding thither (to Maisana). He feared lest the victorious troops should prevail against Aḥmadābād. When he heard that they had gone back, he gave up the idea and became bolder in besieging the city. Qubu-d-dīn K. from worship of wealth (khwāsta-parastī), and love of life, had not the courage to sacrifice himself. He took into his head the idea of a peace. He sent Zainu-d-dīn and Saiyid Jalāl to express his wishes, and asked to be allowed to proceed to the Ḥijāz with his accumulations. As he was turned away from perception, he did not understand that the accu­mulation of wealth is for the protection of honour, and that life is only precious when consistent with honour. The rule of soldiering is to play away manfully unstable life in the service of one's master, and to acquire by such valour eternal life and sempiternal glory. Apparently the night of destruction was growing increasingly dark, and guiding wisdom was in heavy slumber. Moaffar was seized by arrogance on receiving this message. He had the first (Zainu-d-dīn) trodden under the feet of an elephant. To the other life was granted at the intercession of relatives.* It was time that Qubu-d-dīn should have been aroused, but love of existence only increased his somnolence. He took the treaty into his hands with much* fawning. On 13 Āẕar, H., 23rd November, 1584, he adorned himself and came before that wretch, and accepted eternal disgrace. Moaffar made some inquiries after his health and then made him over to the executioners. The star of his life set. Jalālu-d-dīn Mas'aūd his sister's son was also put to death. Afterwards the fort of Broach was invested. Khwāja* 'Imādu-d-dīn Ḥusain and some others were admitted to quarter. The Kotwāl took the road of dis­loyalty and delivered up the keys of the fort. On the 19th (Āẕar) the fort was taken possession of without a contest. The Cambay treasure and the abundant wealth of the governor were plundered. Moaffar thought in his avarice of becoming a son-in-law. The wise mother* poisoned her child. The thorn of failure entered the foot of his desire. He made a practice of oppressing the people, and of pillaging the traders. The vogue of impropriety (sha­nāsāī ) became great.

On hearing this news H.M. held before himself the resolution to send an expedition to Gujarāt. The countries of Garha-Raisīn were given in fief to the Khān Ā'im. On the 29th, he obtained leave to go to Ḥājīpūr in order that he might collect equipments and 423 come to court. S'aīd K. was made an officer of the 3000 grade, and Ḥājīpūr and its neighbourhood were given to him in fief. He took* leave on that day after receiving valuable counsels. On 10 Bahman, 20 January, 1585, H.M. proceeded, under the guidance of fortune to the capital (Fatḥpūr).