THE name of this illustrious person­age, is Mirza Mohammed Hashem; his father was Hakeem Mohammed Hadi; and his grandfather was Syed Mozuffereddeen, Hussein Allavee, of the stock of Mohammed Haneef*. Syed Mozuffer eddeen was a learned physician of Beabanek in Khoresan, and afterwards setled at Shiraz, which is the native soil of his descendants. Mirza Mohammed Hadi, his son, besides his skill in physic and surgery, which was famous through­out Iran, was a remarkable fine penman, and possessed other accomplishments in an eminent degree. He lived like a Calender*, and was stiled Mirza Hadi Calendery. During his studies, he wore the dress of the learned, but when he was composing verses, and in com­pany, at coffee-houses, his habit was that of a Calender. The following are the most renowned of his pupils, who have visited Hindostan: Sheikh Mohammed Hussein, Hakeem ul Memalik, whose poetical name is Shohret*; he was the greatest physician of his time, and a good poet. Hakeem Mohammed Ismail Shirazy, who settled at Akberabad*, and was from thence called Akberabady, was a physician of great skill and extensive practice. Hakeem Aly Nuckee Khan, who was patronized by the Nawab Azeemullah Khan. Also Hakeem Mortiza, and Hakeem and Moulavee Nusseira, who went from Azeemabad to Shiraz. These with many other pupils of Mirza Mohammed Hadi, settled in Hindostan, the Dekhan, Iran, and other countries. The poetical name of Mirza Mohammed Hadi is Shehrer*: Allavee Khan had possession of a dewan* of his composing. He died in the year 1107, or 1695, aged sixty three years, and was buried near the tomb of Imam Moussa Kazim at Shiraz. He left behind him two sons, Mirza Mohammed Hashem (or Allavee Khan) and Mirza Mohammed Hussein. The latter was very learned in physic, as he has shewn by his commentary on the Canoonchee*. Mirza Moham­med Hasheem studied under his father, assisted by Moulla Lutfullah Shirazy, and Akhoond Messieha Assiey. He travelled from Siraz to the Dekhan in A. H. 1111, or A. D. 1699, being then in the 34th year of his age, and was pre­sented to Alumgeer during the siege of Sittareh; that Emperor honoured him with a khelut* and a munseb*, and placed him him in the service of his son Mohammed Azem Shah. In consideration of his family descent and renowned skill, he obtained in marriage the daugh­ter of Hakeem Mohammed Shefia Shushteree. In the reign of Bahadre Shah, he obtained the title of Allavee* Khan, with an increase of his munseb, and jageer*. Whilst he was in the ser­vice of Mohammed Shah, that monarch ordered him his weight in gold and silver, raised his munseb to six thousand, with a monthly stipend of three thousand rupees, and gave him the title of Moate­med ul Melook*. From the universal fame of his learning and skill, Nadir Shah, after the capture of Dehly, shewed him great respect, and under a promise that he should be permitted to make a pilgrimage to Mecca, he was prevailed upon to accompany that conqueror on his departure from Hindostan, as I have before related. He was continually busied either in writing prescriptions for the sick, or in literary pursuits, and yet to the age of eighty years, had never worn spectacles, and was possessed of all his other faculties in full vigour. Amongst his works one entitled Jumma’l Jewama, or the Collection of Collections, is of such extensive erudition, that if all the other books in physic were to be lost, the whole art would be found preserved in this volume. He wrote very good verses, and has been celebrated by many poets. He was born at Shiraz in Ram­zan 1080 (or January 1669), and died of a dropsy, at Shahjehanabad on the 29th of Rejeb 1162, (or 3d July 1749). Conformably to the directions in his last will, his remains were interred near the tomb of Nizam ed deen Aulia. As he had no children, the Emperor at his death issued an order for the confiscation of his property into the exchequer; but afterwards, at the interposition of Sefder Jung the Vizier, it was commanded that his estate, of every description should be divided amongst his heirs in Bengal and Shiraz: and Hakeem Aly Nuckee Khan*, his sister’s son, was intrusted with the distribution. A years before his death, he had dedicated his library to the use of the public, under the administration of Aly Nuckee Khan, and the books were lent to any one who wanted to study them.