ʿAlī Muḥammad Ḫān Bahādur, Muḥammad Ḥasan, Mirzā d. 1177/1763


Muḥammad Ḥasan b. Muḥammad ʿAlī moved to Gujarāt when he was eight or nine years old. When his father died in 1159/1744, Muḥammad Ḥasan was appointed by royal decree to his father’s office of Superintendent of the Cloth Market. He also received his father’s title, ʿAlī Muḥammad Ḫān.

In 1159/1746, Mirzā ʿAlī Muḥammad Ḫān was appointed the Imperial Dīwān (revenue minister) of Gujārāt under the successors of Mughal ruler Awrangzīb (see author 30). He soon became “acquainted with the history, topography, and administrative traditions of the province”. Since he was effectively in control of the archives of Gujarāt, Mirzā ʿAlī Muḥammad Ḫān had a great deal of material at his disposal. He was able to use much of this material as a basis for his major work, Mirʾāt-i Aḥmadī, which took him fourteen years to complete. He died in 1177/1763.


Mirʾāt-i Aḥmadī     Mirror of Aḥmad

Completed 1175/1761.

A detailed regional history of Gujarāt from its earliest times to 1174/1761.