Nasir-ood-Deen Subooktugeen, ruler of Ghizny, a dependency
of the kingdom of Bokhara, governed by the dynasty of Sa-
ALTHOUGH Ameer Nasir-ood-deen Subooktugeen
neither crossed the Indus nor subdued any part
of Punjab, all writers include him in the dynasty
of the kings of Lahore. Historians affirm that
Ameer Subooktugeen, who afterwards acquired the
title of Nasir-ood-deen, was a Toork by descent.
He was educated, and taught the use of arms,
among the other slaves of Aluptugeen. During
the reign of the house of Samany,
was honoured with the government of Kho-
A. H. 351.
A. D. 962.
his life, made excuses, and neglected to appear. In the year 351 he broke out into open rebellion, and marched to Ghizny, which he subdued, and there established an independent power.
Munsoor hearing of this defection, conferred the
government of Khorassan on Abool-Hussun Ma-
According to the narrative of Ahmud-oolla
Moostowfy, Aluptugeen retained his independence
fifteen years, during which period his general, Su-
A. H. 365.
A. D. 975.
the Indians, as often defeated them. Alup-
A. H. 367.
A. D. 977.
a short period, when Subooktugeen, in the year 367, was unanimously acknowledged king by the chiefs of Ghizny.
On this occasion, also, he espoused the daughter of Aluptugeen, and became as celebrated for his justice in the administration of his affairs as for the great popularity he acquired among his subjects, of all conditions.
Minhaj-oos-Siraj Joorjany has given the following
account of Subooktugeen's origin:—“A merchant
of the name of Nusr-Hajy having purchased
Subooktugeen while yet a boy, brought him from
Toorkistan to Bokhara, where he was sold to
Aluptugeen, who, perceiving in him the promise of
future greatness, raised him by degrees to posts of
confidence and distinction, till, at length, on his
establishing his independence at Ghizny, he conferred
on him the title of Ameer-ool-Omra (chief
of the nobles), and also that of Vakeel-i-Mootluk,
or Representative.” Subooktugeen is said to be
lineally descended from Yezdijerd (the last of the
Persian monarchs), who, when flying from his enemies
during the Caliphate of Oothman, was murdered
at a water-mill near the town of Murv. His
family being left in Toorkistan formed connections
among the people, and his descendants became
Toorks. His genealogy is as follows:—Subooktu-
It was here the king became acquainted with Abool Futteh, the most learned man of his day. He was originally secretary to the chief of Boost, * whom Subooktugeen had expelled in favour of the ungrateful Toghan. Abool Futteh now became secretary to Subooktugeen, and continued in his office at Ghizny till the accession of Mahmood, when he retired in disgust to Toorkistan.
Subooktugeen, having reduced the fortress of Boost, marched to Kandahar, and conquered that province; the governor of which place, although made prisoner, was afterwards enrolled among the officers of the Ghizny court. Towards the close of
A. H. 367.
A. D. 977.
the first year of his reign, the King, resolving on a war with the idolaters of India, marched in that direction, and having taken certain forts, caused mosques to be built, and then returned with considerable spoil to Ghizny.
Jeipal, the son of Hutpal, of the Brahmin tribe,
reigned at that time over the country, extending in
length from Surhind to Lumghan, and in breadth
from the kingdom of Kashmeer to Moultan. He
resided in the fort of Bitunda for the convenience
of taking steps for opposing the Mahome-
Many days elapsed without the opponents having engaged each other, when it was mentioned to Mahmood, that in the camp of Jeipal was a spring, into which, if a mixture of ordure should be thrown the sky would immediately become overcast, and a dreadful storm of hail and wind arise. Mahmood having caused this to be done, the effects became visible; for instantly the sky lowered, and thunder, lightning, wind, and hail succeeded, turning the day into night, and spreading horror and destruction around; insomuch that a great part of the cattle was killed, and some thousands of the soldiers of both armies perished. But the troops of Ghizny being more hardy than those of Hindoostan, suffered less than their enemies. Jeipal in the morning found his army so dispersed and dejected from the effects of the storm, that, fearing Subooktugeen would take advantage of his condition to attack him, he made overtures for peace, in which he offered to pay to the king of Ghizny a certain tribute, and to propitiate him with presents of elephants and gold.
Subooktugeen was disposed to accede to these proposals, but his son Mahmood prevailed with his father to reject them. Jeipal now sent other ambassadors to explain to Subooktugeen the customs of the Indian soldiers, particularly the rajpoots, who, if driven to desperation,” said he, “murder their wives and children, set fire to their houses and property, let loose their hair, and rushing on the enemy, are heedless of death, in order to obtain revenge.”
Subooktugeen, convinced of the truth of Jeipal's
statement, consented to terms. Jeipal agreed to pay
a large sum in specie, and to deliver to Subook-