Ṭīpū Sulṭān (d. 1214/1799) (0213)
[see also Ḥusayn ʿAlī Ḫān Kirmānī, Mīr
Ṭīpū Sulṭān (d. 1214/1799)
Born in 1163/1750, Ṭīpū Sulṭān became ruler of Mysore following the death of his father Haydar ʿAlī Ḫān in 1782. Throughout his life he remained overwhelmed by the presence of the British in India and the politics of the time, occupied in defending his territory against the British and attempting to enlist the support of the Ottomans and the French. Some of the letters Ṭīpū Sulṭān wrote to the Ottoman Sultan and the French have survived along with other official documents and correspondence that were found in his palace after his final defeat. Also in existence is a manual on the government of Ṭīpū Sulṭān under the title Dastūr al-ʿAmal-i Tipū Sultān
. He was defeated and killed by the British in 1214/1799.