Completed 400/1010.Consisting of some 60,000 verses, the Šāh-nāmah is an epic tale between the Iranian Kingship and their Turanian enemies. It has been accurately described as “the last great work of pre-Islamic Iran, glorifying the memory of the heroes and the legitimate lines of succession of kings down to the “national catastrophe” of the Arab Invasion”. Throughout the tale Firdawsī is close at hand. One can sense pessimism in his view of the universe as the work of an implacable fate and his encouragement in a moral philosophy that “vehemently preaches action and the love of good, which uphold in man reason- his unique privilege and his true claim to superiority over all other beings”. In addition to an unequaled skill in depicting skirmishes, battles, or one-on-one combat, Firdawsī was easily able to shift his tone and style from the scene of battle to the romantic narrative, and thus contribute to the development of that genre within Persian poetry alongside his more noticeable contribution of the epic tale
Yūsuf va Zulayḫā is a manavī recounting the story of Joseph and the wife of Potiphar that appears in both the Bible and the Qurān. Firdawsī’s authorship of this work has been highly questioned in part due to the amount of Arabic words that appear in Yūsuf va Zulayḫā as compared to his Šāh-nāmah.